作者:阿达于 2022年05月10日 发布在分类 / 我的世界 / 学士学位 下,并于 2022年05月10日 编辑
    2021年成人高考学位英语模拟题2

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    English for Qualification Test
    Part I Use of Language (10 minutes)
    Directions: There are 10 incomplete dialogues in this part. For each dialogue there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE that best completes the dialogue. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

    1. —Would you like another cup of tea?
    — __________
    A. I don’t want it any more. B. Don’t bring me another cup.
    C. Forget it. D. No, thanks.
    2. —What’s the weather like today?
    — __________
    A. I like it very much. B. It’s rather windy.
    C. It’s very well. D. It looks like it.
    3. —Hello, ___________________
    —I’m afraid she is not here right now.
    A. may I speak to Ms. Sereno? B. I want to talk with Ms. Sereno.
    C. I’m going to speak to Ms. Sereno. D. I’m calling Mr. Sereno.
    4. —I cannot go out with you today because my mom is sick.
    —______________
    A. Not at all. B. I’m sorry to hear that.
    C. I would very much like to come. D. Certainly, here you are.
    5. —How is John’s homework done?
    —______________
    A. Good for him. B. Do it by yourself.
    C. Pretty well. D. As soon as possible.
    6. —Will you come to my graduation ceremony tomorrow?
    —______________, but I’ll have to attend an important meeting.
    A. No, thank you B. No problem
    C. I’d love to D. That’s all right
    7. —______________
    —A little.
    A. Do you speak German? B. Shall we speak German?
    C. How about speaking some German? D. What language do you speak?
    8. —It’s kind of you to give me a ride to the subway station.
    —______________
    A. It doesn’t matter. B. Fine.
    C. I believe so. D. It was my pleasure.
    9. —Haven’t you called your family this week?
    —______________
    A. Yes, I’m going to. B. Not yet, but I’m calling tomorrow.
    C. I’m sorry, but I have called. D. Yes, but I didn’t find the time.
    10. —______________
    —Yes. I’d like to have a look at this leather jacket.
    A. What are you look at, Sir? B. Nice to meet you, Sir.
    C. You’re welcome, Sir. D. May I help you, Sir?

    Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
    Directions: There are 4 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

    Passage One
    Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage.

    Within fifteen years Britain and other nations should be well on with the building of huge industrial complexes for the recycling of waste. The word rubbish could lose its meaning because everything which goes into the dumps would be made into something useful. Even the most dangerous and unpleasant wastes would provide energy if nothing else.
    The latest project is to take a city of around half a million inhabitants and discover exactly what raw materials go into it and what go out. The aim is to find out how much of these raw materials could be provided if a plant for recycling waste were built just outside the city. This plant would recycle not only metal such as steel, lead and copper, but also paper and rubber as well.
    Another new project is being set up to discover the best ways of sorting and separating the rubbish. When this project is complete, the rubbish will be processed like this: First, it will pass through sharp metal bars which will tear open the plastic bags in which rubbish is usually packed; then it will pass through a powerful fan to separate the lightest elements from the heavy solids; after that founders and rollers will break up everything that can be broken. Finally, the rubbish will pass under magnets(磁铁), which will remove the bits of iron and steel;the rubber and plastic will then be sorted out in the final stage.
    The first full-scale giant recycling plants are perhaps fifteen years away. Indeed, with the growing cost of transporting rubbish to more distant dumps, some big cities will be forced to build their own recycling plants before long.
    11. The phrase “should be well on with...”(Para. 1)most probably means _____.
    A. have completed what was started B. get ready to start
    C. have achieved a great deal in D. put an end to
    12. What is NOT mentioned as a part of the recycling process described in Para.3?
    A. Breaking up whatever is breakable. B. Sharpening metal bars.
    C. Separating light elements from the heavy ones. D. Sorting out small pieces of metal.
    13. What’s the main reason for big cities to build their own recycling plants?
    A. To make better use of rubbish. B. To cope with air pollution.
    C. To get raw materials locally. D. To get big profits from those plants.
    14. According to the passage, the first full-scale huge recycling plants _______.
    A. have begun to operate
    B. will take the place of distant dumps
    C. will not facilitate rubbish transportation
    D. will probably be in operation in fifteen years
    15. The passage is mainly about _______.
    A. a cheaper way to get energy B. the choice of location of recycling plants
    C. new ways of recycling wastes D. the protection of city environment

    Passage Two
    Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage.

    People across the world use Airbnb to offer their homes to travelers usually for a nightly fee. The home-sharing service provides some people a way to make extra money while they work other jobs.
    The company announced recently that one of its most popular professions among American Airbnb hosts is teaching. The information came from an Airbnb study to find out what industries its American hosts work in. The study found that almost 10 percent of U.S. Airbnb hosts in 2017 identified themselves as teachers or in the field of education. The home-sharing service estimated it has about 45,000 active teacher hosts in America. In addition, the study says there are an estimated 75,000 other hosts living in households with a teacher.
    American teacher hosts earned more than $160 million dollars from Airbnb in 2017, the company said. That includes about $54 million earned during the summer alone. The average amount earned by teacher hosts individually was $6,500 in 2017. The study did not provide data from hosts about why they choose to become part of Airbnb. But the company noted that many teachers in America face difficult economic situations. Airbnb says additional earnings from hosting can help.
    The U.S. Department of Education reported this year that 94 percent of public school teachers said they had spent their own money on some classroom supplies in the 2015-2016 school year. It also reported that the average pay for public school teachers in 2015–2016 was lower than in the 1990-1991 school year when the inflation rate was considered. Some states had even higher rates of teacher hosts than Airbnb’s estimated national average.
    Airbnb spokesman Christopher Nulty told The Atlantic magazine that the home-sharing industry was not a total solution for the current problems facing many teachers. But he said he thought Airbnb could be an “important tool” to help teachers make extra money and give them “the respect and dignity” they had earned.
    The report on the number of teacher hosts comes as Airbnb continues to face opposition by activists and officials in some areas. U.S. critics of the company say the service is driving up rental market prices in several cities. Elected officials in some areas have proposed or approved rules to limit the influence of the service. Hotel companies have also protested that the business presents unfair competition.
    16. According to the text, Airbnb is ________.
    A. one of the most popular professions B. a home-sharing service
    C. a hotel company D. an information company
    17. Teachers choose to become part of Airbnb because of ________.
    A. their economic difficulty B. respect and dignity
    C. the lack of classroom supplies D. the high rental price
    18. Airbnb is opposed by some people or organizations except ________.
    A. officials B. the Department of Education
    C. activists D. hotel companies
    19. We can learn from the passage that Airbnb ________.
    A. can solve teachers’ economic problems
    B. drives up rental market prices in most cities
    C. helps teachers find a new job
    D. might be an “important tool” for teachers to make money
    20. The writer’s attitude towards Airbnb is ________.
    A. approved B. indifferent C. neutral D. opposed

    Passage Three
    Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.

    When you’re a teenager with little life experience, it’s easy to build your entire life around what other people think. It can feel normal to let your friend’s ideas of what’s cool dictate (支配) the clothes you wear, how you behave yourself, and even the music you like. While this pressure is sometimes internal, teenagers are known for making each other feel ashamed if they don’t conform to social norms. And as we all know, young adults can be absolutely brutal in how they treat each other—not only those who are different, but even those who try really hard to fit in.
    Sadly, adulthood isn’t always a whole lot better in this respect. Not only will you experience pressure to look your best, but you’ll be forced to either keep up with—or ignore—the Joneses all throughout adulthood. That’s right, even adulthood has its groups of cool kids, rich kids, outsiders, and rebels. And sometimes, the way someone else spends their money can make you feel like you should be doing the same thing, too. After all, most people still want to fit in; it doesn’t matter whether they’re 15 or 50.
    But, should you give in to peer pressure and waste your hard-earned dollars? If you truly want to get ahead financially—and build a successful, impressive life—the answer should be a resounding “no.” The opportunities to spend money as an adult are nearly limitless, but they will drain your bank account if you give in every time. And at the end of the day, keeping up with your friends as an adult is just as pointless as it was in high school.
    Adulthood is a journey, not a race. Those who collect the most material possessions don’t earn a prize—no ribbon, no trophy, nothing. So, why does it feel like we need to compete?
    I’ll tell you why: Because every commercial on television, online, and the radio is aimed at getting us to spend our money. Every ad campaign on Earth was created to convince us that what we have is not enough, and that we need this item or that service—and that we’re depriving (使丧失) ourselves and our families if we don’t buy it.
    Don’t believe the hype (大肆宣传). You have nothing to prove, and you’ll be a lot better off if you ignore the commercials, your friends, and the hype, and do what is best for you.
    21. What does the author say about teenagers’ inclination(倾向性) in their personal lives?
    A. To try to look cool. B. To be strongly influenced by their peers.
    C. To live their own way. D. To show others that they’ve grown up.
    22. How may young adults treat each other, according to the passage?
    A. They may support each other in the face of challenges.
    B. They may ignore those who don’t join their groups.
    C. They may fight with each other for opportunities.
    D. They may put pressure on others to make them fit in.
    23. What does the author discuss about adulthood experiences?
    A. Most adults’ need for acceptance by groups. B. Different stages of adults’ development.
    C. A variety of interests to pursue with others. D. Most adults’ constant fear of competition.
    24. Why does the author think it is pointless to keep up with one’s friends?
    A. An adult should no longer think like a high school kid.
    B. An adult should know his own unlimited opportunities.
    C. It’s an endless competition until one uses up his money.
    D. It’s not your bank account that says about your success.
    25. What reason does the author give for adults’ competition for material possessions?
    A. Spending money brings us pleasure.
    B. We hope for more and better things.
    C. Commercials encourage our consumption.
    D. Competition brings out what’s the best in us.

    Passage Four
    Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.

    New Yorkers are gradually getting used to more pedaling (骑车的) passengers on those shining blue Citi Bikes. But what about local bike shops? Is Citi Bike rolling up riders at their expense?
    At Gotham Bikes in Tribeca, manager W. Ben said the shop has seen an increase in its overall sales due to the bike-share program. “It’s getting more people on the road,” he said. James Ryan, an employee at Danny’s Cycles also said Citi Bike is a good option for people to ease into biking in a city famed for its traffic jams and aggressive drivers. “They can try out a bike without committing to buying one,” he said.
    Rentals are not a big part of the business at either Gotham Bikes or Danny’s Cycles. But for Frank’s Bike Shop, a small business on Grand St., the bike-share program has been bad news. Owner Frank Arroyo said his rental business has decreased by 90% since Citi Bike was rolled out last month. Arroyo’s main rental customers are European tourists, who have since been drawn away by Citi Bikes.
    However, Ben said the bike-share is good for bike sales at his shop. “People have used the bike- share and realized how great it is to bike in the city, then decide that they want something nicer for themselves,” he noted.
    Christian Farrell of Waterfront Bicycle Shop, said initially he was concerned about bike-share, though, he admitted, “I was happy to see people on bikes.” Farrell’s early concerns were echoed by Andrew Crooks, owner of NYC Velo. “It seemed like a great idea, but one that would be difficult to implement,” Crooks said of Citi Bike. He worried about inexperienced riders’ lack of awareness of riding rules and strong negative reaction from non-cyclists. However, he said, it’s still too early to tell if his business has been impacted.
    26. What is the author’s chief concern about the increasing use of Citi Bikes in New York?
    A. How non-cyclists will respond to it.
    B. Whether local bike shops will suffer.
    C. Whether local bike businesses will oppose it.
    D. How bike riders can be ensured the safety.
    27. What happened to Gotham Bikes as a result of the bike-share program?
    A. It found its bike sales unaffected. B. It shifted its business to rentals.
    C. It saw its bike sales on the rise. D. It rented more bikes to tourists.
    28. Why is the bike-share program bad news for Frank’s Bike Shop?
    A. It cannot meet the demand of the bike-share program.
    B. Its customers have been drawn away by Citi Bike.
    C. Its bike prices have to be lowered again and again.
    D. It has to compete with the city’s bike rental shops.
    29. Why did Andrew Crooks think that the bike-share program would be difficult to execute?
    A. Inexperienced riders might break biking rules.
    B. Conflicts might arise among bike rental shops.
    C. Traffic conditions might worsen in the downtown area.
    D. There are not enough lanes to accommodate the bikes.
    30. What is the general attitude of local bike shops towards Citi Bike?
    A. Approving. B. Negative. C. Indifferent. D. Wait-and-see.

    Part III Vocabulary and Structure (25 minutes)
    Directions: There are 25 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

    31. ___________ many years later did she learn the real cause of her parents’ divorce.
    A. Hardly B. Not only C. Not until D. Never
    32. The waitress was so __________ that Jane didn’t tip her.
    A. cruel B. raw C. rude D. remote
    33. Racing takes everything you’ve got — intellectually, emotionally, and ________.
    A. spiritually B. virtually C. practically D. physically
    34. Although the ________ of the building hasn’t suffered, the surface is badly damaged.
    A. structure B. constitution C. making D. form
    35. We should have ___________ in ourselves and we will make it if we have a try.
    A. conquest B. confidence C. convenience D. conduct
    36. I looked at Tom’s pictures and found some of them so funny that I couldn’t help ________.
    A. choking B. groaning C. chuckling D. yawning
    37. —Do you know the woman over there?
    —Yes, she’s ____________ aunt.
    A. Lily and lucy B. Lily’s and Lucy’s C. Lily’s and Lucy D. Lily and Lucy’s
    38. There are fifty pupils in the class, _________ of them are League members.
    A. All B. Every C. Either D. Neither
    39. We have only five months to make ________ for the trip to the South Pole.
    A. realizations B. suggestions C. inventions D. preparations
    40. I’m not sure if I’m going to Tim’s party; I may go to the concert ___________.
    A. only B. instead C. sooner D. better
    41. To reduce weight, I am now learning to play golf with my business ________, who plays like a professional.
    A. follower B. partner C. associate D. alliance
    42. You have to know what is right for you and then go for it __________ what others may say.
    A. regardless of B. in pursuit of C. instead of D. for the lack of
    43. We may say he stood ________ freedom and justice all his life.
    A. for B. on C. out D. up
    44. Most of the old buildings were pulled down in this area so that blocks of new apartments could be ________.
    A. put aside B. put on C. put off D. put up
    45. I bought a big refrigerator, which occupied about __________ of the kitchen space.
    A. two five B. second fifth C. two fifths D. second five
    46. Don’t tell anybody about it. Keep it __________ you and me.
    A. among B. beside C. within D. between
    47. —Listen! Helen is singing in the next room.
    —It ___________ be Helen. She has gone to Beijing.
    A. mustn’t B. can’t C. needn’t D. wouldn’t
    48. ___________________, Napoleon inspected his Grand Army.
    A. Having been followed by some officials B. Following some officials
    C. With some officials following D. Being followed by some officials
    49. You look very tired. Why _____________ and have a rest?
    A. not stop B. don’t stop C. not to stop D. to stop
    50. If Bruce goes scuba diving tomorrow, __________.
    A. so will I B. so do I C. neither do I D. neither will I
    51. Kate is crying in her room. Do you know ___________ ?
    A. what’s the matter with her B. what the matter is with her
    C. how about she is D. what about her
    52. Do you know the young soldier __________ you brother is talking?
    A. who B. whom C. with whom D. which
    53. How long ________ to finish writing the thesis?
    A. you’ll take it B. you’ll spend C. will take you D. will it take you
    54. Don’t turn off the light, _________?
    A. won’t you B. will you C. do you D. shall we
    55. If only you __________ my Dad! He just wouldn’t let me do this.
    A. are B. were C. would be D. will have been
    Part IV Translation (20 minutes)
    Directions: For this part, you are allowed 20 minutes to translate the following paragraph into Chinese.

    Modern means of transportation, telecommunication and mass media have shortened geographical distances of the world. The international community appears to be no more than a global village, in which peoples of all nations experience the inevitable cultural exchanges and clashes, while seeking common development in a harmonious and respectful relationship. In this modern world the culture of any nation cannot develop in isolation, and different cultures should learn from each other’s strengths to offset their own weaknesses. The culture of a nation must withhold its own distinctive national characteristics in its extensive exchange with other cultures. Cultural exchange is by no means a process of losing one’s own culture to a foreign culture, but a process of enriching each other’s national cultures.
    Part V Writing (30 minutes)
    Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay of at least 120 words on the topic College Students’ Consumption based on the pie chart below. You should give examples to illustrate your point.

    image.png
    【参考答案】

    Part I Use of Language (10 points)
    1-5 DBABC 6-10 CADBD
    Part II Reading Comprehension (40 points)
    11-15 CBADC 16-20 BABDC 21-25 BDACC 26-30 BCBAD
    Part III Vocabulary and Structure (25 points)
    31-35 CCDAB 36-40 CDADB 41-45 BAADC 46-50 DBCAA 51-55 ACDBB
    Part IV Translation (10 points)
    现代化的交通、电信与大众传媒手段缩短了地理上的距离。国际社会似乎不过是一个地球村,而村里的各国人民不可避免地要经历文化交流和冲突,以寻求和谐共处、相互尊重、共同发展。当今世界,任何一国的文化都不可能在封闭状态下发展,不同文化之间应该相互学习,取长补短。一国之文化在与其他文化进行广泛交流时,须保持本民族特色。文化交流绝不是丧失本民族文化而全盘接受外国文化的过程,而是一个丰富彼此文化的过程。
    Part VI Writing (15 points) (例文仅供参考)

    College Students’ Consumption

    How do college students spend their money? The pie chart above, which is based on a recent survey of the consumption habits of college students in some universities of Shanghai, tells us a lot about that issue. We see from the chart that food and daily commodities, accounting for 34% of the total spending, are the largest source of college students’ consumption. The following items for spending are mobile phone fees (17%), entertainment (16%), study (13%), clothing (12%) and transportation (8%).

    Life necessities, which range from food and clothing to transportation, take up half of college students’ total spending. This is perfectly understandable, for college students have to depend on their parents for everyday expenses. However, 12% for clothing still shows that college students now pay more attention to their appearance and are probably eager to keep up with the fashion. Still, entertainment fees occupy another 16%, suggesting that young people nowadays attach more importance to their quality of life. What impressed me most is the fact that college students spend 17% of their money using mobile phones, possibly more for data use than making phone calls. This clearly shows that mobile phones have become an inseparable part of their life.

    In conclusion, the consumption habits of college students are basically reasonable and realistic, but new trends can be detected from the survey. Both schools and parents should be aware of the changes and think of ways to regulate young people’s spending.
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